DIY Home Surveillance With Mixed WiFi and PoE Cameras

We recently looked at a simple home surveillance network with the D-Link DCS2330L and the DNR202L. In this article, we look at a slightly more complicated surveillance environment with the inclusion of the DCS4602EV and DGS-1008p Power over Ethernet switch.

Storage devices from Synology (NVR216) and QNAP (TS-451+) will also be assessed for their network video recording capabilities in a separate post. The diagram below outlines the test environment that will be used for this and the NVR216/TS-451+ articles.

Surveillance Testing Setup

Surveillance Testing Setup

To reduce some of the complexity, I’ve decided not to run the TP-Link Archer D9 and TP-Link Touch P5 on different IP address ranges as shown above.

Running TP-Link Touch P5 in WAN Bypass Mode

By default, if you followed the quick start guides, you will end up with a modem router on one IP range (e.g. 192.168.1.x) and the wireless router on another (e.g. 192.168.0.x). In my case, the Archer D9 was set to 192.168.1.254 and the Touch P5 on 192.168.0.1.

As I wanted them both to be on the same IP range I have a couple of options. I could change the Archer D9 to operate in Bridged mode in which case it essentially becomes a “dumb” modem with the Touch P5 managing all aspects of the ADSL2+ connection or I could simply run the Touch P5 in WAN bypass mode. For this exercise I went the WAN bypass route.

To reconfigure the Touch P5 was a very easy process:

Disable DHCP on the Touch P5 as the Archer D9 will take care of this

Disable DHCP on the Touch P5 as the Archer D9 will take care of this

 

Assigned an IP address on the same IP range as the Archer D9

Assigned an IP address on the same IP range as the Archer D9

Finally, the cable that was currently plugged into the Internet port on the Touch P5 was moved to port 1. This final step turns the wireless router into a wireless access point and switch. All the routing and DHCP capabilities are now being delivered through the Archer D9.

Relocate patch lead from Internet to Port 1

Relocate patch lead from Internet to Port 1

You can safely ignore this Internet error on the Touch P5

You can safely ignore this Internet error on the Touch P5

Also, you may notice that the Internet icon is showing as disconnected despite everything working as per normal. That particular status is polling the Internet port on the Touch P5 which we are no longer using.

Power over Ethernet (PoE)

Power over Ethernet (PoE) is essentially power being transmitted along with data over the same Ethernet cable. The IEE standard for PoE is IEEE 802.3af and was first approved in 2003 and revised later in 2009. According to Wikipedia, the original 2003 standard provided up to 15.4W of DC power with the 2009 standard increasing this to 25.5W.

Using PoE in surveillance brings many advantages to the installation. For starters, electrical power cabling is not required which could result in significant savings as an electrical contractor will not be required. Similarly, not requiring power, will provide a greater degree of flexibility in camera installation locations. Now that we’ve gotten PoE definition out of the way, lets look at the DCS4602EV and DGS-1008p from D-Link.

DGS-1008p PoE Switch

D-Link DGS-1008P 8-PORT Gigabit Ethernet PoE Switch

D-Link DGS-1008P 8-PORT Gigabit Ethernet PoE Switch

The D-Link DGS-1008P is an eco-friendly gigabit PoE switch that utilises D-Link Green™ to provide lower power consumption needs without impacting on quality and performance. The DGS-1008P is made with a metal enclosure but lacks the elegance in design we have found with other switches. That said, this is one solid built switch that doesn’t feel like a cheap plastic unit that would crack at the slightest bump and given that a switch tends to be hidden away from view, appearance is not really a deal breaker.

Only 4 of the available 8 gigabit ports are suitable for PoE and each port can supply up to 15.4W of power making it compliant with the IEEE 802.3af-2003 standard. This is still more than enough to drive the DCS-4602EV camera, the 2007 standard, whilst providing future proofing to the install, would have been an overkill for this exercise.

D-Link DGS-1008p 8-Port Gigabit PoE Unmanaged Switch Specifications:
Key Featuresƒ8 x 10/100/1000 Mbps Gigabit Ports
ƒAuto MDI/MDIX Crossover for all ports
ƒStore-and-forward Switching Scheme
Full/half-duplex for Ethernet/Fast Ethernet Speeds
IEEE 802.3x Flow Control
ƒPlug-and-play Installation
ƒBuilt-in D-link Green Technology
ƒRoHS Compliant
ƒIEEE 802.1p QoS (4 Queues, Strict Mode)
ƒSupports Cable Diagnostics
ƒSupports 9720 KBytes Jumbo Frames
Switching Capacity16 Gbps
StandardsIEEE 802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet
IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet
IEEE 802.3ab 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet
ANSI/IEEE 802.3 NWay Auto-negotiation
IEEE 802.3x Flow Control
IEEE 802.1p QoS
PoE FeaturesƒSupports IEEE 802.3af
Supplies power to PD: up to 15.4 Watts
ƒTotal PoE budget: 52 Watts
PoE port count/Average PoE watts per port: 4 (Port 1 - 4) / 13 Watts
Data Transfer RatesEthernet: 10 Mbps (half duplex) / 20 Mbps (full duplex)
Fast Ethernet: 100 Mbps (half duplex) / 200 Mbps (full duplex)
Gigabit Ethernet: 2000 Mbps (full duplex)
Power Power On (Standby): DC input: 0.48 Watts / AC input: 2.1 Watts
ƒMaximum (PoE Off): DC input: 4.48 Watts / AC input: 6.2 Watts
ƒMaximum (PoE On): DC input: 57.83 Watts / AC input: 63.2 Watts
Dimensions190mm x 120mm x 38mm

DCS4602EV PoE IP Camera

Full HD Outdoor Vandal Proof PoE Dome Camera

Full HD Outdoor Vandal Proof PoE Dome Camera

The minute you take the DCS-4602EV out of the box you know that you are holding a quality, well built and designed camera. The sleek dome finish is both outdoor rated (IP66) and industry certified vandal proof (IK10). The exterior body of the camera is built using a strengthened metal alloy that can withstand the harshest of environments.

The camera internals utilise a IR LED illuminator mixed with 3D noise reduction (3DNR) that provides around a 20m night vision range with clear and detailed images under low light conditions. As this also supports PoE, the DCS-4602EV proved to be relatively simple to install.

The DCS-4602EV can still produce clear images under low light conditions

The DCS-4602EV can still produce good images under low light conditions

DCS-4602EV Full HD Outdoor Vandal Proof PoE Dome Camera Specifications:
Indoor/OutdoorIndoor and outdoor IP66
Vandal-ProofYes (IK10)
Image Sensor1/3” 2-Megapixel progressive scan CMOS
Maximum Video Resolution (Ratio)1920 x 1080 (16:9)
1400 x 1080 (other)
Maximum Frame RateUp to 30 fps
LensFixed 2.8 mm, F1.8
Minimum Illumination (Lux)1.0 lux/F2.0 (colour)
0.5 lux/F2.0 (B/W)
0 Lux (B&W, IR-LED on)
Infrared-Cut Removable FilterYes
IR Built-in20 m
Wide Dynamic Range (WDR)Yes
3D Noise ReductionYes
Angle Of View (H/V/D)96° / 54° / 108°
Gimbal2-Axis
Vertical: 60° / Horizontal 350°
Wired ConnectionFast Ethernet (10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX)
Power over Ethernet (802.3af PoE)
Video FormatH.264
MJPEG
Multi-StreamYes
Digital Zoom10x
Motion DetectionYes
Event RecordingYes
E-Mail NotificationYes
Recording to NASYes
IPv6 SupportYes
DimensionsΦ110 × 78mm
Operating Temperature-30 ~ 50°C
Operating Humidity20 ~ 80% RH (non-condensing)
Optional Power InputDC power adapter (Input: 100-240VAC, 50/60Hz; Output: 12VDC, 1.5A)
SafetyCE (Class A)
CE LVD
FCC (Class A)
C-Tick

I opted to configure the camera via web browser and found the process straightforward.

Configuring the network was a simple process

Configuring the network was a simple process

Configure video settings

Configure video settings

Defining areas for motion detection

Defining areas for motion detection

Once the camera was up and running, it was time to configure the D-Link DNR-202L. For some reason autodetect wouldn’t find the camera so we entered the details manually instead.

Adding the DCS-4602EV to the DNR202L NVR

Adding the DCS-4602EV to the DNR202L NVR

Monitoring both cameras via the DNR202L NVR

Monitoring both cameras via the DNR202L NVR

That’s pretty much it, cameras up and running via WiFi and PoE. The next articles will look at using the surveillance capabilities found on the QNAP and Synology NAS.

1 thought on “DIY Home Surveillance With Mixed WiFi and PoE Cameras”

  1. Pingback: QNAP TS-451+ NAS Reviewed as an NVR - GeekLingo

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